Ancestral variation guides future environmental adaptations

The speed of environmental change is very challenging for wild organisms. When exposed to a new environment individual plants and animals can potentially adjust their biology to better cope with new pressures they are exposed to — this is known as phenotypic plasticity. New research shows that early plasticity can influence the ability to subsequently …

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Prairie voles without oxytocin receptors can bond with mates and young

The vital role of oxytocin — the ‘love hormone’ — for social attachments is being called into question. More than forty years of pharmacological and behavioral research has pointed to oxytocin receptor signaling as an essential pathway for the development of social behaviors in prairie voles, humans, and other species, but a genetic study shows …

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Stability of perovskite solar cells reaches next milestone

Perovskite semiconductors promise highly efficient and low-cost solar cells. However, the semi-organic material is very sensitive to temperature differences, which can quickly lead to fatigue damage in normal outdoor use. Adding a dipolar polymer compound to the precursor perovskite solution helps to counteract this. The solar cells produced in this way achieve efficiencies of well …

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Immense diversity and interdependence in high temp deep-sea microorganism communities

A new study finds that microorganisms live in richly diverse and interdependent communities in high-temperature geothermal environments in the deep sea. By constructing genomes of 3,635 Bacteria and Archaea from 40 different rock communities, researchers discovered at least 500 new genera and have evidence for two new phyla. Samples from the deep-sea Brothers volcano were …

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Scientists unveil least costly carbon capture system to date

Scientists carve a path to profit from carbon capture by creating a system that efficiently captures CO2 and converts it into one of the world’s most widely used chemicals: methanol.Scientists carve a path to profit from carbon capture by creating a system that efficiently captures CO2 and converts it into one of the world’s most …

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